Tanzania - Tendaguru Paleontological Site (TPS)

'Tendaguru Palaeontological Site (TPS) is a world-famous palaeontological property situated almost 60 kilometres from the Indian Ocean over a hill elevated at about 310 metres above sea level in Lindi District, Lindi Region. In 1908, a mining engineer from Germany, Bernard Wilhelm Sattler, serendipitously discovered the Tendaguru dinosaur locality while exploring garnet-bearing rocks. Information about dinosaur remains was reported to Berlin Naturkundemuseum, later on, it was followed by palaeontological excavations under the rubric “Tendaguru Expedition”. The undertakings were carried out from 1909 to 1913 (Zils et al., 1995a; Bushozi and Saanane 2020). Such scientific expeditions yielded invertebrates, fish remains, and dinosaur remains of the Late Jurassic (See also Bushozi and Saanane 2020). Recovered dinosaur remains included the following groups such as theropods, ornithischians, and sauropods. Among famous finds include the biggest ever that lived in Africa, named Brachiosaurus brancaiwhich was later reclassified (renamed) by Taylor (2009) to be Giraffatitan brancai (Zils et al., 1995 and Bushozi and Saanane 2020). The said specimens are in a special dome constructed in Berlin to house and display their remains, about 12 metres high and 23.5 metres long. Other fossil materials recovered by Germans are stored in Berlin Naturkundemuseum, Humbolt University, where there are superbly displayed. Almost 400 fossil remains, including 80 articulated skeletons that were recovered from Tendaguru, are stored in Berlin Naturkundemuseum (Zils et al., 1995b). All fossil vertebrates and invertebrates were recovered from Tendaguru Formation or Tendaguru Beds, an area that accounts for more than 10,000 specimens (Bushozi and Saanane 2020). The property was Gazetted (Government Proclamation No. 186) as the National Heritage Site on 12th October 1937."

Source: UNESCO WHS Tentative List

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