Italy - Scrovegni Chapel

"Starting from the sixties in the 13th century, Padua had experienced an exceptional upsurge of its political, military and diplomatic role in the mainland of Veneto. Exactly in the years immediately prior to Giotto's arrival in Padua, the city had grown to become a major urban centre, ranking among the first fifteen in the country. This exceptional golden age, which was never equalled, allowed the city to go beyond a regional, narrow cultural milieu. Following the shift from the Communal to the seigniorial rule, Enrico Scrovegni - a rich banker and merchant from Padua - made the attempt to become Lord of the city; by building a public oratory with private funds, he wished to leave an unambiguous mark of his political strength not only by comparison with the other noblemen, but also with regard to the Republic of Venice..."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

The Scrovegni Chapel in Padova, Italy. Thanks to Marina of Italy.

Postcard 2
Giotto painting of Presentation of Jesus in Temple in Scrovegni Chapel. Thanks to Cristina of Italy.

Italy - Ivrea, industrial city of the 20th century

"1) Viale Jervis Axis
2) Borgo Olivetti
The industrial city of Ivrea was built in the years between 1930 and 1960 by Adriano Olivetti, according to an alternative design to the national and international experiences implemented during the 20th century, which were developed in accordance with two different models: on one hand, company towns such as Crespi d’Adda, on the other, industrial systems that were developed in major urban conurbations and that had an impressing effect on social processes along with their production policies. The city of Ivrea is an exceptional example both in terms of the quality of the solutions proposed and of the methods of their implementation."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Ivrea plant at night. Thanks to Chiara of Italy.

Djibouti - Lake Abbeh: its cultural landscape, its natural monuments and its ecosystem

"Lake Abbeh: its cultural landscape, its natural monuments and its ecosystem, testifies to the great stages of the history of the earth and men. Of tectonic origin and inscribed in a graben framed by two horsts, Lake Abbeh, is an endorheic salt lake of East Africa located straddling the border with Ethiopia."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Lake Abbe, Djibouti. An extra large size postcard. Thanks to Vinson of Malaysia.

Djibouti - Le Lac Assal

"Lake Assal is an endorheic salt lake in East Africa, in the center of Djibouti. This lake is located in the east of the Afar depression, at an altitude of 153 meters below sea level making it the lowest point of the African continent. It is part of a graben framed by two horst, assembly formed by the opening of the Great Rift Valley. It is separated from Ghoubbet el Kharab, which is an extension of the Gulf of Aden via the Gulf of Tadjourah by Ardoukoba volcano that last erupted in 1978..."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Postcard 1
Lake Assal is the largest deposit salt in the world. Thanks to Ronald of Sweden who visited Djibouti.

Postcard 2
Lake Assal of Djibouti. A nice extra large postcard. Thanks again to Vinson of Malaysia.

Djibouti - The Moucha and Maskali Islands

"Located at the opening of the Gulf of Tadjourah, the Moucha and Maskali Islands are madreporic reefs emerged. The emergence of these reefs dates from the late Pleistocene (140,000 to 100,000 BP years) and shows the uplift that accompanies the opening of the rift. These small desert islands include a lush mangrove of mangroves. Their underwater landscape of great beauty is composed, among others, of multicolored algae and coral gardens. Their fish-rich waters are home to an exceptional marine life such as: the red-billed phaeton Phaethon aetherus, the reef Egretta gularis, the white spoonbill Platalea leucorodia, the chestnut-bellied Ganga Pterocles exusta and probably the stingor spider Acrocephalus stentoreus or the whale shark (Rhincodon typus), the banded stingray (Taeniura lymma) and others as well as various turtles. Some of these species are endemic, including the white-winged gull, Larus leucopthalmus. The Moucha and Maskali Islands are also marked by their sandy beaches and exceptional natural scenery."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Multi-view of Djibouti with photo of Maskali Islands in the centre of the bottom row in the postcard. Thanks to DAO of United Kingdom for this beautiful postcard mailed from Djibouti.

Djibouti - The historical urban landscape of the city of Djibouti and its specific buildings

"Due to its geographical location, at the crossroads of Africa, the Middle East and the Indian Ocean, Djibouti was, since the Middle Ages, an important commercial hub between the Arabs and Africa, especially for the traffic slaves or the aromatics trade. It is through historical facts that the city was built. In 1862, France returned to the region of Obock and acquired it by a treaty with the chiefs of this region. In 1890, the French governor Lagarde decided to transfer the seat of the government located in Obock to Djibouti cape, a peninsula which opens widely on the Gulf of Aden. On this marshy site the Governor Lagarde undertakes to establish the bases of an urban fabric, Djibouti-city, which will become in 1896 the chief town of the colony called French Coast of Somalis."
Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Place Mahmoud Harbi of Djibouti City is named after a fervent Somalian who wanted merger of Djibouti with Somalia. Thanks to Ronald of Sweden.

Cape Verde - Parc Naturel de Fogo – Chã das Caldeiras

"The Fogo Natural Park is located in the central part of the island of Fogo and consists of the volcano, the crater, the Bordeira (mountain wall) and the perimeter of the forest of Monte Velha. The park has an area of ​​8468.5 hectares and is located at the confluence of three municipalities: Sao Filipe (1861 ha: 22% of the Park), Santa Catarina (4237 ha: 50% of the Park) and Mosteiros (2370 ha: 28% of the Park). The Fogo volcano, which gives its name to this island, is 2829 meters high and is the highest point of Cabo Verde. The volcano is still active, with a caldera 8 km in diameter and an opening to the east. The escarpment bordering the bottom of the caldera has an almost vertical slope that reaches 1000 meters at its highest point. Inside the bordeira, there are many veins, some of which are connected with adventitious cones on the outside."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Fogo is the youngest and most active volcano in Cape Verde - Cabo Verde, which is located off the north west coast of Africa. Stamp of visually impaired with a guide dog. Thanks so much to Gilles who was visiting.

Portugal - Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Monte in Braga

"Located in the city of Braga, in the parish of Tenões (Santa Eulália), on Portugal’s northwest, the sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Monte is set on the hillside of the Espinho Mountain, overlooking the river Este valley, a tributary of the river Ave. The sanctuary is built facing west and has expansive views, at times of the ocean itself, overlooking the whole city of Braga, the Bracara Augusta founded in roman times of which it is historically inseparable, as well as the Cávado valley. The sanctuary is a type of architectural and landscape ensemble rebuilt and enhanced throughout a period of over 600 years, mainly defined by a long and complex Viae Crucis expanding up the hill, leading pilgrims through chapels that house sculptural collections evoking the Passion of Christ, fountains, sculptures and formal gardens. The sacred course is divided into two distinctive sections. The first one refers to the moments prior to Christ’s death. It starts from a portico, going through a zigzag course, with chapels and two monumental stairways – the Stairway of the Senses and the Stairway of the Virtues – ending in the church, also called the great chapel, which houses a representation of the station of Calvary; the second one refers to the glorious life of Christ resurrected, which begins in the church and culminates in the Terreiro dos Evangelistas [Square of the Evangelists] with Christ’s ascension chapel. The asset proposed refers to the Sanctuary itself – an ensemble which includes the portico, the pathways, the squares, the chapels, the fountains, the monumental stairway topped by the church – and its densely forested Cerca [Enclosure], a picturesque park with lakes built to naturally blend with the landscape, artificial grottos, buildings and structures of a diverse nature and serving different purposes. The Sanctuary and the Cerca are an integral part of each other – the mount molded itself to house the Sanctuary and they complete each other, forming a singular ensemble of outstanding architectural and landscape value, which embodies a sacred mount. The Sanctuary has a total area of about 30 hectares and, even though the property belongs to the Confraternity of Bom Jesus do Monte, it is accessible to the public."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Views of Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Monte in Braga in Braga District. Thanks to Joana.

France - Nice, the new city born of tourism, or the invention of the Riviera

"An original urban ensemble - from the 18th century, with the arrival of the first wintering English, Nice has become a resort destination, which has gradually boosted and determined its urban extension. First aristocratic winter resort, the stay was generalized to the wealthy classes from the late nineteenth century, then extended to all social categories with summer tourism in the twentieth century. In the international context of the emergence of the phenomenon of tourism, which today has become an economic and cultural activity characteristic of the globalized civilization, it is a city of a new type, dedicated to welcoming, vacationing and tourism, which developed next to the old Mediterranean city."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Postcard 1
Aerial view of Le Port de Nice. Thanks to Lisa.

Postcard 2
A nice postcard of Nice. A matching Nice stamp used. Thanks to Jean-Pierre of France.

Postcard 3
Another nice postcard of Nice, France. Thanks to Jean-Pierre of France.

Postcard 4
Nice of French Riveria, France. Thanks to Cathy who mailed from Netherlands.

France - The National Nature Reserve of French Southern Territories

"The National Nature Reserve of French Southern Territories consists of the island of Amsterdam, the island of St. Paul, the archipelago of Crozet and the islands of Kerguelen. They are located in the southern Indian Ocean, spanning between the sub-Antarctic zone with the Crozet and Kerguelen Islands and the subtropical zone with the islands of St. Paul and Amsterdam. The nature reserve includes the totality of the terrestrial surface of these islands as well as all or part of their territorial waters for a total area of ​​7000 Km² of terrestrial domain and 15 700 km2 of marine domain. Located more than 2,000 kilometers from any continent, the French Southern Territories are among the most isolated islands in the world. Discovered in the 18th century and little exploited since, these islands preserve an ecological heritage in excellent state of conservation. Because of their oceanic origin, their extreme isolation, their geological characteristics and climatic constraints, very particular habitats have developed. They are home to a fauna and flora with original adaptations and pronounced endemism. An essential refuge for millions of birds and marine mammals, these islands are the site of close interactions between the marine environment and terrestrial ecosystems."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage List

A postcard of Prince De Galles of Kerguelen Island of French Southern and Atlantic Lands (FSAL) or Terres australes et antarctiques françaises (TAAF) which adminstered as an overseas territory by France.

France - City of Carcassonne and its mountain sentinel castles

"Since late antiquity, fortifications have been erected on the hill where Carcassonne is today, as well as on some sites proposed in the series. At the time of the Counts of Toulouse and Barcelona (Xth - XIIIth centuries), the sites of the constituent elements of the series are occupied by perched agglomerations and by feudal fortresses. Many of these are home to heretical communities (Albigeois or Cathars). During and after the crusade against the Albigenses, these places serve as their refuge and as a source of resistance to conquest. Restructured in the second half of the 13th century, the city of Carcassonne and the castles of the senéchaussée are one of the first series constructions inspired by the model of fortification promoted by Philippe Auguste. They testify to the setting up of an architectural norm, as well intended for the defense as the assertion of the royal power on a newly conquered territory, at the end of the crusade against the Albigenses.

Château d’Aguilar Tuchan / Aude 

Châteaux de Lastours Lastours / Aude
Château de Montségur Montségur / Ariège 
Château de Peyrepertuse Duilhac-sous-Peyrepertuse / Aude  
Château de Puilaurens Puilaurens / Aude (collected)
Château de Quéribus Cucugan / Aude 
Château de Termes Termes / Aude 
Cité de Carcassonne Carcassonne / Aude "

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Chateau de Puilaurens in Aude - a Cathare castle which attacked and burnt tragically. Postcard thanks to Nathalie of France.

Indonesia - Historical City Centre of Yogyakarta

"The historical city of Yogyakarta is a traditional Javanese city founded in 1756 by Pangeran Mangkubumi or the first Sultan Hamengkubuwana as the centre of the Sultanate of Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat (henceforth: Kasultanan Yogyakarta). Distinct from other Javanese city, the city centre was designed based on specific Javanese cosmology and philosophy as manifested in its location and plan. The location of Yogyakarta city was deliberately chosen to precisely reflect microcosmos, whereas the plan of the city centre was drawn up based on the Javanese philosophy regarding the nature of human destiny. Accordingly, every component of the historical city centre of Yogyakarta has its own philosophical meaning. The city centre of Yogyakarta is located in a flat land at the slope of Merapi Volcano. In the broader landscape, it is situated in between the Merapi Volcano and the South Sea or Indian Ocean which are considered as two significant elements in Javanese cosmology. To the east and the west, it is also flanked by three rivers each. There are Kali Code, Kali Gadjahwong, and Opak River in the east side, and in the west side there are Kali Winongo, Kali Bedog, and Progo River. In Hindu-Javanese cosmology, such a landscape has been perceived as a reflection of the Universe which consists of the Mahameru Mountain in the centre surrounded by rings of intersperse sea and land. It was the reason for Sultan Hamengkubuwono I to choose this flat land as the suitable place to build his palace and the city of Yogyakarta."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Postcard 1
Known as Karaton, the Yogyakarta Palace Complex is located in the center of the city of Yogyakarta or just Yogya as the local Javanese call it. I saw it from the outside as it was after closing time. It was built by Sultan Hamengkubuwono who was also the architect. Postcard shows "Bangsal Sitihinggil Kraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat. Beautiful stamps used. Thanks to Shinta of Indonesia.

Postcard 2
The colonial style Central Post Office in the royal Javanese city of Yogyakarta in Java, Indonesia with traditional becak or trishaw. I visited this nice Javanese city. Thanks to Shinta of Java, Indonesia. Beautiful traditional costume stamps used.

Postcard 3
Yogkyakarta, Indonesia. I bought this postcard in Medan, Indonesia.

USA - Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument

"The Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument (PRIMNM) is located south of the Hawaiian Island archipelago in a remote area of the Pacific Ocean. The Monument area is approximately 370,000 square nautical miles (1,270,000 square kilometers), or nearly twice the size of the State of Texas. It ranges from Wake Atoll in the northwest to Jarvis Island in the southeast, and also encompasses Baker and Howland Islands, Johnston and Palmyra Atolls, and Kingman Reef. It includes outstanding examples of pristine coral reef and deep sea ecosystems. It is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the Department of Defense.

- Wake Island (collected)

- Baker Island
- Howland Island
- Jarvis Island
 - Johnston Atoll
- Palmyra Atoll
- Kingman Reef "

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Map of Wake Island, Pacific Ocean. Thanks to Arnold of USA for arranging this postcard to be mailed to me from Wake Island, USA.

Malaysia - FRIM Selangor Forest Park

"FRIM-SFP is the world’s oldest and largest re-created tropical rain forest and a model of successful re-creation of forest on what was totally deforested and degraded land. Much of the land had been devastated by tin-mining on the low ground, vegetable farming on the high ground or covered with scrubby vegetation because it was too infertile for anything else. FRIM-SFP’s mined area presented the greatest possible challenge for reforestation but this was not considered an impediment. Once the site was secured, 100 species of tropical timber trees, mainly of the timber family Dipterocarpaceae were planted in 1927. No other ex-mining site in the world has been successfully converted into high forest. The original planted trees are now big trees 70-90 years old."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Colonial administration building of Forest Research Institute Malaysia of Kepong, Selangor. Thanks to Shah of Selangor, Malaysia.

Malaysia - Royal Belum State Park

"Belum State Park is part of the Peninsular Malaysian Central Forest Spine (CFS) covering an area of 27,891 ha. It has been considered as the hotspot for biodiversity in Malaysia as it hosts diverse ecosystems and habitats for the many species of flora and fauna of which many of them are endemic, rare, vulnerable or otherwise threatened in Malaysia and the region. These augur well for environmental education of the ecosystems therein and scientific research in biodiversity not only for Malaysians but also those in the region and the World. It can be considered as another natural gift to the heritage of mankind."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Postcard 1
Royal Belum Forest of Visit Malaysia Year 2014 postcard. Thanks to Syamirul of Putrajaya.

Postcard 2
This large parasitic flower is named after Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles who founded Singapore. Common Rafflesia found in Royal Belum State Park are Rafflesia azlanii, Rafflesia kerrii and Rafflesia cantleyi. I mailed this postcard near Belum, Perak.

Postcard 3
Temenggor Lake with130 million years old rainforest. I mailed from Gerik, Perak.

Postcard 4
Salt lick area in Belum where wild animals get their mineral intake.

Postcard 4
Orang asli village on Banding Island, Belum, Perak

Postcard 5
Perak Tourism postcard showing Gua Tempurung Cave, Royal Belum Rainforest, Pulau Pangkor Island. Thanks to Bernard of Perak, Malaysia.