China - Scenic and historic area of Sacred Mountains and Lakes (Burang, Tibet)

"Located in Burang County, Ngari Prefecture of Tibet Autonomous Region, at an elevation of over 4,500 m, Scenic and historic area of Sacred Mountains and Lakes is adjacent to Zanda County, Gar County and Gya'gya County, bordering on India and Nepal. ‘Two peaks perching to the north and south, two lakes reflecting with each other in the east and west’ describes the basic natural landscape features of the property, comprising a fairly compact geomorphology unit of ‘two mountains with two lakes in between’, also resulting in unique landscape composed of glaciers, lakes, wetlands and grasslands in this region. ‘Two mountains’ means the Sacred Mountain of Gang Rinpoche (6,638m) and the Goddess Peak of Naimona'nyi (7,694m), and ‘two lakes’ refers to the Holy Lake of Manasarovar and the Ghost Lake of Lhanag-tso. Unique natural environment has bred particular and rich religions and cultures, which is of world-class Outstanding Universal Value." 

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List


Postcard 1
Mt. Gang Rinpoche from the postcard booklet Tibet Posture that I bought in China.





Postcard 2
Lake Mapham Yutso is another name of Holy Lake of Manasarovar, Tibet.

China - Tulin-Guge Scenic and Historic Interest Areas

"From natural perspective, in the nominated property there is a specific geomorphology type named “forest soil”, which presents outstanding universal value aesthetically and geologically. The lacustrine sedimentary around Zhada Basin and Sutlej River Basin of the nominated property belongs to the forest soil type but exhibits distinctive features, making a “Guge type”. The “Guge type”, composed of semi-consolidated lacustrine fluvial clay, sand and gravel, taking “pagoda forest” as the basic structural unit, was formed under dry climate, dominated by construction joints, affected by river erosion, rain shower eclipse and freezing weathering. The forest soil around Zhada County is tall and straight, composed of varied types, which shows distinctive aesthetical characteristics against the specific extreme natural environment of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The nominated property shows different hues, bedding structures and physical composition, among which there are a large quantity of fossils, presenting direct or indirect proofs of ancient environmental evolution of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau." 

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Postcard 1
3 postcards from the postcard booklet "Tibet Posture" that I bought in China. The ruins of Guge Kingdom, Ngari, Tibet, China.






Postcard 2
The Earth Forest of Zada, Ngari, Tibet





Postcard 3
The site of ancient Zada fortress in Ngari, Tibet

Turkey - The Theatre and Aqueducts of the Ancient City of Aspendos

"The Aspendos theatre is the best-preserved monument of its type from the Ancient World in Turkey, and one of the most intact in the world. The theatre of Aspendos is one of the rare examples of a Roman theatre, constructed as a whole with the combination of a multi-storied and richly decorated stage building and a semi circular shaped cavea. The level of preservation was mostly due to the Seljuk restoration of the 13th century, during the time of Sultan Alaeddin Keykubat. The restoration and reuse of the building as a palace have left important but subtle traces including geometric designs and blue-coloured tiles. Therefore the theatre not only gives the spectator endless inspiration to delve into the history, but also presents an opportunity to read the multi-layered architectural interventions in a critical manner; thus the monument invites the contemporary visitor or expert to become actively engaged in picturing the theatre‟s use and critically questioning it based on the existing evidence. The aqueducts, on the other hand, have come even more to the attention of scholars because of their unique hydraulic siphons and very well preserved original conditions. They are important structures for the history of technology since they still survive in such a condition that raises and answers many questions regarding their construction and use. The level of preservation gives the spectator a sense of the monument's "eternal" nature when viewed from the high and rather isolated point on the northern side of the flat-topped acropolis."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Nice multi-view of Roman ruins of Aspendos, Antalya, Turkey. Thanks to Naomi of Netherlands.


China - Imperial Kiln Sites of Jingdezhen

"The major component of Imperial Kiln Sites of Jingdezhen is the Imperial Kiln Site, which fired, produced and served porcelains for the imperial family during Ming and Qing dynasties. It includes porcelain-firing workshops and kilns ruins as well as those abundant porcelain pieces of Ming and Qing dynasties deposited underground. There also exist several civil kiln sites which reflect the system of “moulding by imperial kiln and firing by civil kiln” as well as other important kiln relics showing the imperial kilns' technical origin. Imperial Kiln Sites of Jingdezhen also include sites of porcelain-making raw materials mining and processing, trade associations guild halls, water transportation docks and other cultural relics, which are related to the production and transportation of porcelains."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List


Jingdezhen Blue and White Phoenix Head Pot with Flat Sides, AD 1276-1368. Collection at Capital Museum, Beijing, China. This is a postcard from the Capital Museum collection postcard set that I bought during my visit to this amazing museum.

China - The Four Sacred Mountains as an Extension of Mt. Taishan

"Application of "Four Sacred Mountains as an Extension of Mt. Taishan" is an extension application of Cultural and Natural World Heritages of Mt. Taishan. "The Five Sacred Mountains of China" is a cultural integration with long history. Mt. Taishan of "The Five Sacred Mountains of China" has already been listed on the World Heritages in 1987. And the four nominated sites for application include: 

Southern Mt. Hengshan (Hunan Province), 

Western Mt. Huashan (Shaanxi Province), 

Central Mt. Songshan (Henan Province) 

Northern Mt. Hengshan (Shanxi Province). 

The core scenic area of the four nominated sites is 54769 ha, and total buffering area is 44658 ha.

"The Five Sacred Mountains" has been worship for over three thousand years from Neolithic Age due to its unique geographical locations and majesty of relative altitude over a kilometre. In 219 BC, Qin Shihuang (First Emperor of Qin Dynasty) held a ceremony of offering sacrifices on the top Mt. Taishan when special national sacrifice codes and systems originated, which was followed by later emperors to show their imperial power's validity and authority. Offering sacrifices to Five Sacred Mountains was held to make the emperors'' achievements informed to all the people and Five Sacred Mountains were regarded as boundaries of their reign. Therefore, as an integration which cannot be divided, Five Sacred Mountains symbolizes the unification and territory in the era of Chinese agricultural civilization."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List


Postcard 1 - Northern Hengshan
Mid-air temple of Nothern Hengshan, Shanxi, China. It is a postcard from the postcard set of Scenery of Shanxi that I bought in China.





Postcard 2 - Western Huashan
Hua Shan at 2154.9m is one of China top 5 mountains. Thanks to Liu Xu of China.








Postcard 3 - Central Songshan
View of Songyue Pagoda, a sixth century Buddhism temple, of Mount Song, Henan. Thanks to Christie of China.


China - Fanjingshan

"Fanjingshan is a mid-subtropical dome-like subalpine mountain, located in the center of Eurasia subtropical zone, with the width of 28.74 km from east to west and length of 36.74 km from south to north. The main peak, Fenghuangshan, owns an altitude of 2,570.50 m, and the buffer zone comprises low hills. The whole regional climate is moist while the mountain climate shows obvious difference, which makes it`s possesses unique natural geographic conditions compared with other subtropical mountains. Fanjingshan is the typical representative of mountain ecosystems in mid-subtropical humid zone. It shows the significant ecological process since Holocene and Quaternary ice age, with high vegetation coverage rate and primary features, obvious vegetation vertical spectrum and complete ecosystem structures and functions. The biodiversity in Fanjingshan is rich and unique, and the abundant Fagaceae plant communities have representative control on ecosystem structure and function. Hundreds of rare, endangered and endemic plants such as Rhinopithecus brelichi and Abies fanjingshanensis indicate that Fanjingshan is the foremost habitat for the subtropical biodiversity, with significant scientific research and conservation value."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List
Bizarre rocks on Fanjing Hill, Guizou. A postcard from the postcard set of "A Scene of Guizhou" that I bought in China.

Thailand - Kaeng Krachan Forest Complex (KKFC)

"The KKFC lies in the Tenasserim Range on the boundary between Thailand and Myanmar and covers a vast forest area of 3 western Thailand provinces: Ratchaburi, Phetchaburi, and Prachuab Kirikhan. The complex protects the headwaters of many important rivers such as Phetchaburi, Kui Buri, Pranburi, and Phachi Rivers. There are 3 legally gazetted protected areas in the complex, one wildlife sanctuary (Mae Nam Phachi protected under the Wildlife Protection and Preservation Act, 1992) and two national parks (Kaeng Krachan and Kui Buri protected under the National Park Act, 1961). In addition, Chaloem Phrakiat Thai Prachan National Park is in the process of being designated..." Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Wild dog and tapir found in Kaeng Krachan National Park in Phetchaburi and Prachuap Khiri Khan provinces, Thailand. I bought these postcards in Thailand in March 2011.

Postcard 1
Asian wild dog. I cancelled this postcard with Thailand 2006 and 2018 Year of Dog stamps.






Postcard 2
Tapir found in this Thailand rainforest.

India - Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam

"Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, also known as Thiruvaranga Tirupati, is one of the most illustrious Vaishnav[1] temples in the country, dedicated to Ranganatha, a reclining form of Hindu deity, Bhagwan (God or Lord) Vishnu. Situated in an ethereal setting on the island of Srirangam that is bounded by the two rivers of Cauvery and Kollidam (a tributary of Cauvery), this living temple and sacred centre of pilgrimage is counted as the first and foremost among the 108 Divya Desams dedicated to Bhagwan Vishnu.

More importantly, it is not just a temple but a temple-town, unique in its Sapta-Prakaram[2] formation, a temple centred settlement pattern that comprises of Sapta (seven)[3] concentric rectangular enclosures or prakarams[4] formed by thick and huge rampart walls that run round the sanctum sanctorum in which the deity presides. While the inner five enclosures of the complex constitute the temple, the outer two enclosures function as the settlement. Thus, the distinction between the temple and the settlement gets blurred and the temple is also referred to as Srirangam many a times. This Temple-Town typology is unique to this part of the world and Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple is an exceptional example of the same."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Ranganathswamy Temple in Srirangam, Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu, India. Thanks to Sidarth of Mangalore, India.

Italy - Padova Urbs Picta. Giotto, the Scrovegni Chapel and the 14th century painting cycles

"The great development of Padova painting in the 14th century began with the arrival of Giotto, called around 1302, most probably by the Friars Minor Conventual of the Basilica of St. Anthony. Taking advantage of his presence in town, Enrico Scrovegni commissioned him the work that soon became worldwide known as his masterpiece: the Scrovegni Chapel. During the entire 14th century the artists who operated in Padova (Pietro e Giuliano da Rimini; Guariento; Giusto de’ Menabuoi; Jacopo Avanzi; Altichiero; Jacopo da Verona) reinterpreted in an original and autonomous way the style of the Maestro, creating a complete stylistic renovation which soon acquired a national and international range. The Scrovegni Chapel represents the starting point of this phenomenon: additionally, there are at least other eight sites in Padova (mapped in the picture enclosed below) which preserve important painting testimonials of similar artistic and cultural value. The cycles have been exemplarily restored and are all open to the public. It was an extraordinary cultural phase of Padova, promoted by the Signoria and by the most famous family in town, the ‘da Carrara’. In this context, there was also a female commissioner, Fina Buzzaccarini (Lord Francesco da Carrara’s wife), a significant and rare example at that time.

1. Cappella degli Scrovegni (Comune di Padova) It represents the most significant monument in the proposed series and the best-preserved fresco painting by Giotto. In the chapel are present also other works by the Maestro del Coro Scrovegni and by Giusto de’ Menabuoi.

2. Basilica del Santo (Veneranda Arca del Santo, Delegazione Pontificia, Basilica e Convento di Sant’Antonio) It is a worldwide famous place of worship, which hosts important frescoes by Giotto (Cappella delle Benedizioni; Sala del Capitolo), Giusto de’ Menabuoi (Cappella del Beato Luca Belludi), Altichiero e Jacopo Avanzi (Cappella di San Giacomo).

3. Palazzo della Ragione (Comune di Padova) It is the largest pensile salon in Europe, famous for its roofing, shaped as a reversed ship hull. Notwithstanding the original paintings by Giotto were destroyed during a severe fire, it keeps significant proofs of the fourteenth-century art.

4. Musei Civici agli Eremitani (Comune di Padova) It houses important examples of the 14th century Padova painting. In chronological order, the Croce by Giotto (originally painted for the Scrovegni Chapel), the detached frescoes by Pietro da Rimini, the painted panels by Guariento (originally located in the Cappella della Reggia Carrarese), and the detached fresco of Madonna dell’umiltà by Cennino Cennini.

5. Cappella della Reggia Carrarese (Accademia Galileiana SS. LL. AA.) It is located within the building that constitutes the ancient Reggia Carrarese and its frescoes are to be considered the best example of the Padova figurative culture of the mid 14th century, painted by Guariento di Arpo.

6.Oratorio di San Giorgio (Veneranda Arca del Santo, Delegazione Pontificia, Basilica e Convento di Sant’Antonio) Commissioned by the Marquis Raimondino Lupi di Soragna as family mausoleum, it was entirely decorated with frescoes by Altichiero da Zevio, with sacred episodes which become an occasion to enhance the noble origins of the family.

7. Chiesa dei SS. Filippo e Giacomo agli Eremitani (Parrocchia dei SS. Filippo e Giacomo agli Eremitani - Diocesi di Padova) Severely damaged during the Second World War, it contains the frescoes commissioned, most likely by the Curtarolo family, to Guariento di Arpo and by Tebaldo Cortellieri’s mother to Giusto de’ Menabuoi.

8. Battistero della Cattedrale (Parrocchia di Santa Maria Assunta nella Cattedrale - Diocesi di Padova) It is an important example of female commission (by Fina Buzzaccarini, wife of Francesco da Carrara, Lord of Padova) and it represents the masterpiece of Giusto de’ Menabuoi.

9. Oratorio di San Michele (Comune di Padova)"

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

The Scrovegni Chapel in Padova, Italy. Thanks to Marina of Italy.






Postcard 2
Giotto painting of Presentation of Jesus in Temple in Scrovegni Chapel. Thanks to Cristina of Italy.


Italy - Ivrea, industrial city of the 20th century

"1) Viale Jervis Axis
2) Borgo Olivetti
The industrial city of Ivrea was built in the years between 1930 and 1960 by Adriano Olivetti, according to an alternative design to the national and international experiences implemented during the 20th century, which were developed in accordance with two different models: on one hand, company towns such as Crespi d’Adda, on the other, industrial systems that were developed in major urban conurbations and that had an impressing effect on social processes along with their production policies. The city of Ivrea is an exceptional example both in terms of the quality of the solutions proposed and of the methods of their implementation."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Ivrea plant at night. Thanks to Chiara of Italy.

Djibouti - Lake Abbeh: its cultural landscape, its natural monuments and its ecosystem

"Lake Abbeh: its cultural landscape, its natural monuments and its ecosystem, testifies to the great stages of the history of the earth and men. Of tectonic origin and inscribed in a graben framed by two horsts, Lake Abbeh, is an endorheic salt lake of East Africa located straddling the border with Ethiopia."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List


Lake Abbe, Djibouti. An extra large size postcard. Thanks to Vinson of Malaysia.

Djibouti - Le Lac Assal

"Lake Assal is an endorheic salt lake in East Africa, in the center of Djibouti. This lake is located in the east of the Afar depression, at an altitude of 153 meters below sea level making it the lowest point of the African continent. It is part of a graben framed by two horst, assembly formed by the opening of the Great Rift Valley. It is separated from Ghoubbet el Kharab, which is an extension of the Gulf of Aden via the Gulf of Tadjourah by Ardoukoba volcano that last erupted in 1978..."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List


Postcard 1
Lake Assal is the largest deposit salt in the world. Thanks to Ronald of Sweden who visited Djibouti.





Postcard 2
Lake Assal of Djibouti. A nice extra large postcard. Thanks again to Vinson of Malaysia.


Djibouti - The Moucha and Maskali Islands

"Located at the opening of the Gulf of Tadjourah, the Moucha and Maskali Islands are madreporic reefs emerged. The emergence of these reefs dates from the late Pleistocene (140,000 to 100,000 BP years) and shows the uplift that accompanies the opening of the rift. These small desert islands include a lush mangrove of mangroves. Their underwater landscape of great beauty is composed, among others, of multicolored algae and coral gardens. Their fish-rich waters are home to an exceptional marine life such as: the red-billed phaeton Phaethon aetherus, the reef Egretta gularis, the white spoonbill Platalea leucorodia, the chestnut-bellied Ganga Pterocles exusta and probably the stingor spider Acrocephalus stentoreus or the whale shark (Rhincodon typus), the banded stingray (Taeniura lymma) and others as well as various turtles. Some of these species are endemic, including the white-winged gull, Larus leucopthalmus. The Moucha and Maskali Islands are also marked by their sandy beaches and exceptional natural scenery."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List


Multi-view of Djibouti with photo of Maskali Islands in the centre of the bottom row in the postcard. Thanks to DAO of United Kingdom for this beautiful postcard mailed from Djibouti.





Djibouti - The historical urban landscape of the city of Djibouti and its specific buildings

"Due to its geographical location, at the crossroads of Africa, the Middle East and the Indian Ocean, Djibouti was, since the Middle Ages, an important commercial hub between the Arabs and Africa, especially for the traffic slaves or the aromatics trade. It is through historical facts that the city was built. In 1862, France returned to the region of Obock and acquired it by a treaty with the chiefs of this region. In 1890, the French governor Lagarde decided to transfer the seat of the government located in Obock to Djibouti cape, a peninsula which opens widely on the Gulf of Aden. On this marshy site the Governor Lagarde undertakes to establish the bases of an urban fabric, Djibouti-city, which will become in 1896 the chief town of the colony called French Coast of Somalis."
Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List


Place Mahmoud Harbi of Djibouti City is named after a fervent Somalian who wanted merger of Djibouti with Somalia. Thanks to Ronald of Sweden.

Cape Verde - Parc Naturel de Fogo РCḥ das Caldeiras

"The Fogo Natural Park is located in the central part of the island of Fogo and consists of the volcano, the crater, the Bordeira (mountain wall) and the perimeter of the forest of Monte Velha. The park has an area of ​​8468.5 hectares and is located at the confluence of three municipalities: Sao Filipe (1861 ha: 22% of the Park), Santa Catarina (4237 ha: 50% of the Park) and Mosteiros (2370 ha: 28% of the Park). The Fogo volcano, which gives its name to this island, is 2829 meters high and is the highest point of Cabo Verde. The volcano is still active, with a caldera 8 km in diameter and an opening to the east. The escarpment bordering the bottom of the caldera has an almost vertical slope that reaches 1000 meters at its highest point. Inside the bordeira, there are many veins, some of which are connected with adventitious cones on the outside."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List


Fogo is the youngest and most active volcano in Cape Verde - Cabo Verde, which is located off the north west coast of Africa. Stamp of visually impaired with a guide dog. Thanks so much to Gilles who was visiting.