China - Huangguoshu Scenic Area

"Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau is located in the south of China. It belongs to the watershed region in the karst plateau rising between Sichuan Basin and Guangxi Hill. Since the Tertiary Period, with the strong neotectonic uplift of Himalayan orogeny and tropical and subtropical humid climates, the strong erosion of the northern Yangtze River system and the southern Pearl River system has formed the plateau-gorge landform structure, which is often distinguished by the geomorphological erosion cycle knickpoint type waterfall. The plateau-gorge landform structure is composed of two significantly different but closely related geomorphic units - the plateau area and the gorge area. In the background of the special regional units, Huangguoshu Scenic Area is created with completely different but closely related landform type, development and evolution, landscape characteristics, living environment, human habitation, land use, and regional culture."

Huangguoshu Scenic Spot: - Huangguoshu Waterfall - Dishuitan Waterfall - Gaodang Ancient Village

Getuhe Scenic Spot:

Tunpu Scenic Spot: - Yunshantun-Benzhai Ancient Village - Baojiatun Ancient Irrigation System - Tiantaishan Ancient Temple

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Huangguoshu Waterfall of Guizhou is one of the biggest waterfalls in China. It is 70m long and 81 m wide during the flood season. Another postcard that I bought in Beijing, China.

Thailand - Ensemble of Phanom Rung, Muang Tam and Plai Bat Sanctuaries

"Phanom Rung, Muang Tam and Plai Bat. These three temples were designed to reflect Hindu theology and astrology. Two volcanoes and one plain were selected for their construction. The main towers were built and placed on the axis of four directions encircled with square or rectangular walls and galleries. They represent Mount Meru, home of Shiva’s and axis of the universe. The Gopura Gates were placed such that the sun on the shone into the main tower chamber for activating the Shiva Linga, the universal Hindu sacred ritual. This can brought life to the whole complex of communities. These great and enduring masterpieces evidence the high point in Angkorian art and architecture."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Prasat Phanomrung,Thailand. Thanks to Apichati of Thailand.

Germany - Frontiers of the Roman Empire - Lower German Limes (Germany)

"The Roman Empire, in is territorial extent, was one of the greatest empires the world has known. Enclosing the Mediterranean World and surrounding areas, it was protected by a network of frontiers stretching over 5,000 kilometres from the Atlantic coast in the west, to the Black Sea in the East, and from central Scotland in the north to the northern fringes of the Sahara Desert in the south. Much has survived above ground along this Frontier, which was largely constructed in the 2nd century AD when the Empire reached its greatest extent. At various times, the Frontier consisted of a linear barrier, at other times of protected spaces, or in some cases a whole military zone.

Substantial remains survive (clockwise from the west) in the UK, The Netherlands, Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Iraq, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco. Starting on the western coast of northern Britain, the frontier in Europe then ran along the rivers Rhine and Danube, looping round the Carpathian Mountains to the Black Sea. The eastern frontier, stretching from the Black Sea to the Red Sea and running through mountains, great river valleys and the desert. To the south, Rome’s protective cordon embraced Egypt and then ran along the northern edge of the Sahara Desert to the Atlantic shore in Morocco."

1 Remagen - Auxiliary fort - Fort of Rigomagus Visible remains of the principia, partly preserved and visible in the museum

2 Königswinter - Stone quarry - Area of rock stones with roman tool mark Tool marks preserved and visible

3 Bad Münstereifel - Lime kilns - Lime kilns of the 30th legion Ulpia victrix with working rooms Visible remains of lime kilns with information centre

4 Bonn - camps - walls of 11 manœuvre camps in the southern part of the Kottenforst preserved and visible remains of the earthen walls

5 Bonn - Legionary fortress - Legionary fortress of Bonna 85% of the area fortress still preserved in the inner city of Bonn; layout of the fortress preserved in modern road network and spatial development

6 Alfter and Bornheim - camps - walls of 11 manœuvre camps in the northern part of the Kottenforst preserved and visible remains of the earthen walls

7 Köln - fleet base - fort of the Rhine fleet Classis Germanica Remains not visible, partly overbuilt

8 Köln - Praetorium - Headquarter of the Lower German Army Remains preserved and visible

9 Köln - Late roman fortress - Late roman fortress of Divitia Remains preserved and visible

10 Dormagen - Auxiliary fort Fort of Durnomagus Remains preserved and visible in the cellar of the parsonage of St. Michael

11 Monheim - Auxiliary fort Late roman fort of Haus Bürgel Remains preserved and visible, integrated in the medieval castle

12 Neuss - Fortlet Fortlet and watchtower Reckberg Remains not visible, preserved in forest area, ex situ reconstruction of watchtower

13 Neuss - Legionary fortress Legionary fortress (and later cavalry fort) of Novaesium Remains not visible, layout of the fortress preserved in modern road network

14 Krefeld - Auxiliary fort Auxiliary fort of Gelduba Remains not visible, part of the front side destroyed, not overbuilt

15 Duisburg - Fortlet Fortlet Werthausen Remains not visible, partly overbuilt

16 Moers - Auxiliary fort Auxiliary fort of Asciburgium Remains not visible, partly overbuilt

17 Alpen - Camp Marching camp Boenninghardt Remains not visible, small area overbuilt

18 Alpen - Camp Marching camp Drüpt Remains not visible, small area overbuilt

19 Xanten - Legionary fortress Legionary fortress Vetera I, canabae, amphitheatre Amphitheatre visible, fortress not overbuilt

20 Wesel - Camps 4 manoeuvre camps of Flürener Feld preserved and visible remains of the earthen walls

21 Uedem - Camps 13 manoeuvre camps of Uedem-Hochwald preserved and visible remains of the earthen walls

22 Kalkar - Camp Vexillation camp of Kalkar-Monreberg Remains not visible, small area overbuilt

23 Kalkar - Auxiliary fort Auxiliary fort, vicus, limes road and cemeteries of Burginatium Remains not visible on the surface, not overbuilt.

24 Kalkar - Sanctuary Sanctuary of the Germanic war goddess Vagdavercustis, Kalkar-Kalkarberg Remains not visible, not overbuilt

25 Bedburg-Hau Auxiliary fort Auxiliary fort and vicus of Till-Steincheshof Remains not visible, small area overbuilt

26 Bedburg-Hau - Camp 2 marching camps of Till-Kapitelshof Remains not visible, small area overbuilt

27 Bedburg-Hau - Auxiliary fort - Auxiliary fort of Qualburg-Quadriburgium Remains not visible, partly overbuilt

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Along the Rhine River, at Neuss, a reconstructed fortified Roman tower. Thanks to Marcel of Germany.

Portugal - Vila Viçosa, Renaissance ducal town

"The property includes: The historic town centre of Vila Viçosa; The hunting reserve known as Tapada Real (which extends into the municipalities of Vila Viçosa, Borba and Elvas). A buffer zone has also been drawn up, including rural areas and recent urban areas, in order to protect the property. Vila Viçosa is inseparably connected to the House of Braganza, the royal and noble Portuguese dynasty founded in 1442. The town was associated with the power built up by Dom Afonso (1377-1461), the 1st Duke, who was succeeded by Dom Fernando, and it became part of one of the two most powerful houses in the Portuguese kingdom. A frontier land, its strategic position would justify Dom Fernando being created Marquis of Vila Viçosa in 1455. Dom Fernando was to become responsible for protecting Portugal against any raids from Castile and became Duke of Braganza, Marquis of Vila Viçosa and Count of Arraiolos. Favouring the town with his presence, Dom Fernando (1403-1478), the 2nd Duke of Braganza, chose the town to begin to build the seat of the great House he had inherited. This explains why Vila Viçosa then developed a Court that revolved around this great dynastic House. When he died there, Dom Fernando had sown the seeds for the development of Vila Viçosa as the seat of a ducal court of the House of Braganza."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Vila Vicosa, Portugal.Thanks to Tiago of Portugal.

Austria - Belgium - Czech Republic - Germany - Italy - United Kingdom - Great Spas of Europe

"The serial transnational property the Great Spas of Europe is a selected group of spa towns that is testimony to places for healing pain and disease with mineral waters generally before industrial medication developed in the Nineteenth Century. The series comprises historic European spa towns where the integrity and authenticity of the component parts of the series are evident in their urban form and component spa buildings.

The therapeutic role of the towns developed from early thermae and through the Middle Ages. The peak period for the towns followed the eighteenth Enlightenment and the development of medicine and leisure in the nineteenth century. As a group they represent distinguished spa towns and recognised as such from the eighteenth century to the 1920s... 

Czech Republic = Karlovy Vary; Mariánské Lázně; Františkovy Lázně; Luhačovice
Germany = Baden-Baden; Bad Kissingen; Bad Ems; Bad Homburg vor der Höhe; Wiesbaden; Bad Pyrmont
Austria = Baden bei Wien; Bad Ischl
Italy = Montecatini Terme
Belgium = Spa
France = Vichy
United Kingdom = The City of Bath Spa"

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Postcard 1 - Austria
Bad Ischl is a member city of The League of Historical Cities. Thanks to Greta of Austria. Nice stamps used. A great addition to my cities collection of this league.

Postcard 2 - Czech Republic
Jurkovicuv Dum of Luhacovice, Czech Republic. Thanks to Ondrej of Czech Republic.

Postcard 3 - United Kingdom
Views of the Great Bath, the Circular Bath, the King's Bath. Card bought at Bath.

Postcard 4A - Germany - Baden Baden
Beautiful multi-view postcard of the German Spa town of Baden Baden. Thanks to YL for mailing from there.

Postcard 4B - Baden Baden Multiview
Thanks to Ing of New Zealand who visited Baden Baden. Mailed in May 2016.

Postcard 4C - Germany - Bad Homburg v.d. Hohe
Bad Homburg v.d. Hohe is famous for its spa and casino as well as luxurious residential housing for the rich who commutes to nearby to Frankfurt am Main. Thanks to YL for sending from there.

Postcard 4D
Bad Homburg is the top right corner of this multi-view. I visited Bad Homburg and sent this postcard to myself.

Postcard 5 - France - Vichy
Vichy - Opera house. Postmarked in Allier on June 23, 2010. Thanks to Jean-Pierre of France.

Postcard 6 - Belgium - The Spa
The Spa. Thanks to Raquel of Belgium.

Iraq - Babylon - Cultural Landscape and Achaeological City

"The Sacred Complex of Babylon, comprising the Esagila temple dedicated to the God of Marduk and the ziggurat Etemenanki (the legendary Tower of Babylon), constituted the spiritual and political hearth of Babylon, capital of the Old Kingdom of Babylonia. With an extension of ca. 180x125 meters of the major temple Esagila (the "House of the Headraising"), and ca. 460x410 meters of the tower complex Etemenanki, meaning "the foundation of heaven and earth", this was the most massive walled-in space within the city. Out of the substructure of approximately 90 x 90 meters, the height of which was in the original of about 15 meters, the tower developed in all together five more levels, one smaller than the other. Both of these Mesopotamian architectural components formed one unit, so that the low temple Esagila, is neither in its construction nor in its content to be separated from Etemenanki. Their cultic connection was established by the procession street Aj-ibur-shapu running between them, which allowed equal access to both sanctuaries."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Cool postcard of Babylon, Iraq. Thanks to the Maselis family of Belgium.

Myanmar - Shwedagon Pagodaon Singuttara Hill

"The Shwedagon Pagoda, situated on Singuttara Hill in the center of Yangon (Rangoon), is the most sacred Buddhist stupa in Myanmar and one of the most important religious reliquary monuments in the world. The proposed property includes the hill atop of which the main stupa is located, the hill-top reliquary stupa and associated religious buildings and sacred statuary, bells, and other emblems situated on the hill, as well as the hill’s surrounding sacred perimeter. The proposed property comprises a total area of 46.3 hectares."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Shwedagon Pagoda in the heart of Yangon, Myanmar (formerly Rangoon, Burma). I climbed up this awesome temple, barefooted as required. This nice card is provided by England Vision Optical. Thanks to Bryan Wu who lives in Yangon.

Canada - Gwaii Haanas

"The Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve and Haida Heritage Site covers about 15 percent of the Queen Charlotte Islands, an archipelago 80 km off the northwest coast of mainland British Columbia that separates Hecate Strait from the Pacific Ocean. The size of the terrestrial area, which consists of 138 islands, is 1 495 km2, with a surrounding marine conservation area (proposed) of 3 400 km2 . The park reserve includes SGaang Gwaii World Heritage Site, a 3 km2 island inscribed in 1981 under cultural criterion (iii). Two other remarkable former Haida villages, Tanu and Skedans, are located within the park reserve. As well, more than 600 archaeological features in the park reserve give evidence of Haida occupation and activities in the region. Traditional narratives, songs, places names and language relate the park reserve area intimately to Haida history and way of life. The rich and living culture of the Haida people permeates the area. The natural resources of the area, with their abundance of essential ingredients for sustenance and growth, are an integral part of Haida traditional culture, and life with the land and sea. Natural features of Gwaii Haanas range from the highly dissected San Christoval Mountains, which form the backbone of the area, to fiords, 40 freshwater lakes, old-growth temperate rainforests and a rich diversity and abundance of wildlife. The proposed marine conservation area lies along one section of the Queen Charlotte tectonic plate, and includes highly diverse living intertidal and subtidal marine communities. It is also strategically located along the Pacific flyway, hosting huge seabird breeding colonies as well as being an important migrant stopover. Marine mammals are also abundant, including sea lions, porpoises, killer whales and migrating grey whales."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Sculpin, a bottom dwelling fish, on sponge - at proposed Gwaii Haanas National Marine Conservation Area Reserve, British Columbia, Canada. Thanks to Marie of Canada. Postcard received in November, 2018.

Germany - Hydraulic Engineering and Hydropower, Drinking Water and Decorative Fountains in Augsburg

"Hydraulic Engineering and Hydropower, Drinking Water and Decorative Fountains in Augsburg combine to make up a complex system of water management that features significant technical and architectural monuments and noteworthy industrial archaeology objects in the time from the 15th to the early 20th century. These elements provide a complete account over this period of the succession of and connections between technological developments. The significance of water has been held in high regard for centuries and this is expressed through exquisitely decorated fountains. The Romans established Augsburg at the confluence of the Lech and Wertach rivers and from this time the city was being supplied with process water from the Singold across the Lechfeld plain via open water channels. Augsburg has been using the water power from the Lech canals from at least the Middle Ages."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Augustus Fountain is one of the 3 main well known fountains of Ausgburg, Germany. Thanks to Ute of Augsburg, Germany.

Belarus - Poland - The Augustów Canal (Kanal Augustowski)

"The area of the property encompasses the Augustów Canal together with buildings and hydraulic engineering structures and the area integral to them, necessary to the Canal operation, described as the conservation protection zone – in the territory of the Republic of Poland and the Republic of Belarus. Total length 101.20 km. The area covered by the property Pl=74.25 km² Bl=8.42 km² total 82,67 km²

The Augustów Canal is a cross-border monument of technology located in the territory of two states, in the north-eastern part of Poland and the north-western part of Belarus. It is a linear object. It is a navigable watershed canal, linking the Vistula River through the Biebrza River – a tributary of the Narew River, with the Neman River through its tributary – the Czarna Hancza River. It uses a postglacial channel depression, forming the chain of Augustów lakes, and the river valleys of the Biebrza, the Netta, the Czarna Hancza and the Neman, which made it possible to perfectly integrate the Canal with the surrounding elements of the natural environment."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Postcard 1 - Belarus
Augustow Canal. Thanks to Yuli of Belarus.

Postcard 2 - Poland
Map postcard of Augustow Canal. Thanks to Radek of Czech Republic.

Thailand - Phra That Phanom, its related historic buildings and associated landscape

"Phra That Phanom is located within the walled compound of the "Temple of Phra That Phanom" in Nakorn Phanom Province, Thailand, about 600 meters west of the Mekong River. Believed by the people in the region to have been built by Monk Maha Kassapa, a chief disciple of Buddha, to enshrine the Buddha's breastbone relics 8 years after Buddha's Nirvana, this Stupa is regarded as the most ancient Buddha's Relics Stupa in the Northeast of Thailand and in the Middle Mekong River Basin. Throughout the millennia, Phra That Phanom has been steadfastly venerated by the multi-ethnic and multi-national populations living in all directions of the region."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

I visited Wat Phra That Phanom, which is north of Mukdahan town, along the Mekong River opposite of Laos. Got the cancellation from the post office next to this famous Buddhist temple in October 2018.

Georgia - Alaverdi Cathedral

"Alaverdi St. George Cathedral (first half of the 11th century) is located 18 km from the town of Telavi in the Alazani-River valley. Earliest structures of Alaverdi Monastery date back to 6th century. The present day Cathedral is part of an 11th century Georgian Orthodox monastery. The Monastery was founded by the monk Joseph [Abba] Alaverdeli, who came from Antioch and settled in Alaverdi, then a small village and the former pagan religious centre dedicated to Moon. At the beginning of 11th century, Kakhetian King Kvirike the Great built a cathedral in the place of a small church of St. George."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Alaverdi Cathedral, 11th century, Georgia. Thanks to Kate of Russia for mailing from Tbilisi, Georgia.

China - The Coast of the Bohai Gulf and the Yellow Sea of China

"1) Dandong Yalu River Estuary National Nature Reserve, Liaoning 
2) Changhai Provincial Nature Reserve for Rare Marine Life, Liaoning
3) Beidaihe-Geziwo/Xin River Estuary, Hebei 
4) Qilihai in Beidaihe New District, Hebei 
5) Luannan-Zuidong Coastal Wetland, Hebei 
6) Caofeidian Wetland, Hebei 
7) Nandagang Wetland in Cangzhou, Hebei 
8) Huanghua Ancient Shell Ridges, Hebei 
9) Yellow River Delta National Nature Reserve, Shandong 
10) Yancheng Wetland Rare Birds National Nature Reserve, Jiangsu
11) Lianyungang Salt Works, Jiangsu 
12) Rudong-Tiezuisha Coast, Jiangsu 
13) Dafeng Pere David's Deer National Nature Reserve, Jiangsu  
14) Qidong North Branch of the Yangtze River Estuary Nature Reserve, Jiangsu 

The coast of the Bohai Gulf and the Yellow Sea ranges from Yalu River Estuary on the north to Yangtze River Estuary on the south. Along the coastline distribute natural habitats such as deltas, sandbars, mudflats, rocky shores, islands, reed marshes and shell ridges, as well as cultural landscapes such as salt works, fish ponds and rice fields. Sediments and nutrients are continuously discharged from the Yellow River and the Yangtze River (they are among the world’s longest ten rivers) and other rivers including the Yalu River, the Liao River, the Luan River and the Hai River, accumulating to form the world’s largest continuous mudflat coast. The dynamic process of sediment accumulation and continental shelf subsidence still continues to shape the geological landscape and ecosystem on the Bohai Gulf-the Yellow Sea coast, making it one of the most diverse and fertile coasts in the world, a key habitat for the migratory birds on the East Asian-Australasian Flyway. Besides, habitats formed by thousands of years of human activities, including rice fields and salt works, also provide stopover sites for migratory birds in certain periods of the year."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Yancheng Rare Birds Nature Reserve in Jiangsu. Thanks to Wei of Hangzhou, China.

Netherlands - Nieuwe Hollandse Waterlinie

"The Nieuwe Hollandse Waterlinie is a military defence line that marked the administrative and economic heart of the Netherlands - Fort Holland. It was designed to keep out invaders by the controlled flooding of a chain of inundation fields to a depth of up to a metre. The inundation line was laid in the 19th and 20th centuries and runs from Fort Naarden to Fort Steurgat in the Biesbosch. The line consists of a system of waterworks and over 1,000 forts, casemates, sluices and wooden houses. The Nieuwe Hollandse Waterlinie is one of the largest projects ever undertaken in the Netherlands. The fields of fire and inundation basins around the forts consist mainly of open land, since the Strategic Defences Act (Kringenwet) of 1853, which was only repealed in 1963, prohibited any building on such designated areas until 1963. The Nieuwe Hollandse Waterlinie links up with, and is an extension of, the Stelling van Amsterdam, which already has World Heritage status."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Postcard 1
Muiderslot is part of Nieuw Hollandse Waterlinie. Thanks to Mike of Netherlands.

Postcard 2
Loevestein Castle is part of New Dutch Waterline. Thanks to Mike of Netherlands.

Russia - Mamayev Kurgan Memorial Complex "To the Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad"

"Mamayev Kurgan Memorial complex "To the heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad" in Volgograd is a symbol of heroism and patriotism of the Soviet nation and a tribute to the memory of those who died in the great battle of the Volga river, the most significant land battle in the human history which became a turning point in the World War II.

Due to its convenient location in the very centre of the city, Mamayev Kurgan held the key position in the defence of Stalingrad, and it is here where the construction of an enormous memorial complex started in the May of 1959, it being first presented on 15th October, 1967.

The Memorial complex "To the heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad" represents a unique formation with a total height of 820 meters from its foot to the top."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Mamayev Kurgan Monutment - Motherland, Volgograd City. Thanks to Piotr of St Petersburg, Russia.