Italy - The City of Bergamo

"That the city of Bergamo is composed of two parts can be easily appreciated. There is the Città Alta (Upper Town), built up on the hills, which is the "city" by definition, and the Città Bassa (Lower Town), which is a lively financial, industrial and administrative centre of national importance. The two parts are separated, both physically and symbolically, by the powerful Venetian Walls, which were built by the Serenissima Republic of Venice in the second half of the 16th century to defend the city, which was the farthermost centre on the Mainland, close to the border with Milan's territory."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Upper Town of Bergamo. Thanks to Jean-Pierre of France for mailing from Bergamo in August 2016.

Thailand - Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan, Nakhon Si Thammarat

"Wat Phra Mahathat Woramahawihan is the main Buddhist temple of Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, the largest province in Southern Thailand. It is located on the main sand bar of Nakhon Si Thammarat on which the ancient town and the present town of Nakhon Si Thammarat were built. The ancient town of Nakhon Si Thammarat developed from the early state of Thailand called Tambralinga and the name of which is mentioned in the Pali canon of the Buddhism as one of the prosperous port towns of the Eastern world, and thereby archaeological evidence found at many sites in Nakhon Si Thammarat supports the literary evidence. Tambralinga became a flourishing port town and was ruled independently since the 5th century CE. and continued onwards. At some points of times it joined a union with Sri Vijaya, the Mahayana Buddhist Kingdom, which was famous for the world maritime trade networks during the 8th to the 12th century CE..."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List


Postcard 1
Phra That Temple at Nakornsritammarat, Southern Thailand. Thanks to T.R. for mailing from Nakhon Si Thammarat, Southern Thailand.





Postcard 2
I visited Wat Phra Mahathat in Nakhon Si Thammarat in August 2016 and mailed from the post office there.





Postcard 3
Sunset view. I mailed this postcard from Nakorn Si Thammarat Post Office.

Canada - Áísínai’pi

"Lying within the traditional territory of the Niitsítapi (Blackfoot: Kainai, Piikáni and Siksika), Writing-on-Stone / Áísínai'pi ("it is pictured/written") is a sacred place where geological formations house spirit beings, and more than 85 rock art localities record the "writings" of the spirits. The proposed nominated property, 1 718-hectares of Writing-On-Stone Provincial Park (Áísínai'pi National Historic Site) in the Milk River Valley, is a spectacular pocket in the mixed grass prairie landscape sweeping through south-central Alberta to the powerful Kátoyissiksi (Sweetgrass Hills, Montana, USA). Defined by the valley's eroded ancient sandstone cliffs, it is characterized by dramatic views, eerie light and sounds, hoodoo formations, adjacent coulees and prairie habitats rich in mammal, bird and plant species. For at least 4 000 years, Aboriginal people have stopped here in the course of their seasonal round. The petroglyph and pictograph sites on the valley walls include several thousand motifs in hundreds of scenes, predominantly anthropomorphs, zoomorphs and material object motifs. Ceremonial and ritual figures, exploits of hunters and warriors, and diverse animals are depicted among the images. New motifs created after European contact in the early 18th century include guns, horses and dynamic human figures, the instruments of Aboriginal-Euro Canadian contact and cultural change. Burial places, vision quest locations and a medicine wheel on the rim of the valley also mark the spirituality of the landscape. Traditional knowledge describes the origins and history. A reconstructed North West Mounted Police post sits on the site of the original post. The Niitsítapi identify Kátoyissiksi (located in the USA) as an integral part of the cultural landscape, and their prominence within the viewshed of Writing-on-Stone / Áísínai’pi contributes to the overall integrity of the proposed nomination property."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List




Postcard 1
Requested for this second postcard as the first postcard was slightly damaged by me accidentally spilling water. Thanks to Kelly again of Canada.





Postcard 2
Writing On Stone postcards from Kelly of Canada. This nice postcard with Year of Monkey stamp, as mentioned above, met a watery accident.


Germany - Dreams in Stone – the palaces of King Ludwig II of Bavaria: Neuschwanstein, Linderhof and Herrenchiemsee

"Neuschwanstein - Linderhof (Palace)- King’s House Schachen - Herrenchiemsee (New Palace)"
“The real world is an illusion”. Friedrich Nietzsche, Twilight of the Idols

With his gradual withdrawal from political life and escape into an ideal poetic world, King Ludwig II of Bavaria (r. 1864-1886) is one of the most fascinating ruling personalities of the 19th century. Prevented by foreign and domestic political constraints from putting his idealized vision of his role as king into practice, with Neuschwanstein Castle and the palaces of Linderhof and Herrenchiemsee in their unspoilt natural settings the monarch created artificial alternative worlds in which he could immerse himself in far-distant places and past eras. Neuschwanstein (1868-1886), which is inspired by the operas of Richard Wagner, features themes from the composer’s work in various rooms as well as in the building’s outward appearance (Tannhäuser, Tristan, Lohengrin, Parsifal, Der Ring des Nibelungen), and, together with the spectacular alpine backdrop, enabled Ludwig II to experience this poetic world in tangible, visual form. In Linderhof (1870-1878) the king assembled a “theme park” consisting of an 18th-century style palace, Oriental buildings (Moorish Kiosk, Moroccan House and the Turkish Hall in the King’s House on Schachen) and recreated stage sets from Wagner’s world (Venus Grotto, the Hermitage of Gurnemanz and Hunding’s Hut); “a few paces,” he said, transported him into “a different time and place”. Herrenchiemsee Palace (1878-1886), modelled on the Versailles of Louis XIV and Louis XV, was built by Ludwig II on an island secluded from the outside world, so that he could retreat undisturbed into the realm of the Bourbon Kings...

Source: UNESO World Heritage Tentative List

Postcard 1A
Schloss Neuschwanstein built in 1869-1886 by von Konig Ludwig II. Thanks to YL and Ing who visited this fairy tale castle in Bavaria, Germany.




Postcard 1B
Royal Castle of Neuschwanstein, Germany. Thanks to Mimi of France. Terima kasih - merci beaucoup.





Postcard 1C
Thanks to YL, Ing and Don who visited Neuschwanstein, Germany.




Postcard 1D
I bought the following postcards in Munich, Germany in May 2015.






Postcard 1E - Winter view






Postcard 2
Royal Castle of Linderhof.




Postcard 3
A multi-view.




Postcard 4
A map view.

Thailand - Phimai, its Cultural Route and the Associated Temples of Phanomroong and Muangtam

Postcard 1A - Phimai
Pimai of Nakorn Ratchasima. Thanks to Paul who sent from Thailand.




Postcard 1B - Phimai
Phimai is located near Pak Chong and Khao Yai National Park.






Postcard 2 - Prasat Phanomrung
Thanks to Apichati of Thailand.


Belgium - The battlefield of Waterloo, the end of the Napoleonic

"The Napoleonic unfolding 1796-18 15 marked the history of Europe and beyond. Waterloo A page of history is turned, France has lost its military role leading. It will still be important, but his voice is no longer predominant. This defeat also sound the end of the Empire that had marked its footprint in Europe in many areas. In many countries, the Napoleonic Code was a legal basis regulating the life of the citizen and the country. Waterloo also mark the beginning of a long period of peace in Europe, a period that lasted about a century, except for the episode of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870." Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Postcard 1
The Tombs, Waterloo, Belgium which is the site of one of the most famous battles in European history. Nice matching stamp of Waterllo used. Thanks to Michael of Luxembourg.





Postcard 2
The Lion's Mound of Waterloo was erected on the famous battlefield located south of Waterloo in the province of Wallonia, Belgium. I bought this older postcard in Penang in 2012.





Postcard 3 
Waterloo, Belgium. Postcard arrived damaged. Thanks to Ferro, Belgium.

Austria - Belgium - Czech Republic - Germany - Italy - United Kingdom - Great Spas of Europe

"The serial transnational property the Great Spas of Europe is a selected group of spa towns that is testimony to places for healing pain and disease with mineral waters generally before industrial medication developed in the Nineteenth Century. The series comprises historic European spa towns where the integrity and authenticity of the component parts of the series are evident in their urban form and component spa buildings.

The therapeutic role of the towns developed from early thermae and through the Middle Ages. The peak period for the towns followed the eighteenth Enlightenment and the development of medicine and leisure in the nineteenth century. As a group they represent distinguished spa towns and recognised as such from the eighteenth century to the 1920s... 


Czech Republic = Karlovy Vary; Mariánské Lázně; Františkovy Lázně; Luhačovice
Germany = Baden-Baden; Bad Kissingen; Bad Ems; Bad Homburg vor der Höhe; Wiesbaden; Bad Pyrmont
Austria = Baden bei Wien; Bad Ischl
Italy = Montecatini Terme
Belgium =
France = Vichy
United Kingdom = The City of Bath Spa"

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List


Postcard 1 - Austria
Bad Ischl is a member city of The League of Historical Cities. Thanks to Greta of Austria. Nice stamps used. A great addition to my cities collection of this league.







Postcard 2 - Czech Republic
Jurkovicuv Dum of Luhacovice, Czech Republic. Thanks to Ondrej of Czech Republic.





Postcard 3 - United Kingdom
Views of the Great Bath, the Circular Bath, the King's Bath. Card bought at Bath.





Postcard 4A - Germany - Baden Baden
Beautiful multi-view postcard of the German Spa town of Baden Baden. Thanks to YL for mailing from there.




Postcard 4B - Baden Baden Multiview
Thanks to Ing of New Zealand who visited Baden Baden. Mailed in May 2016.




Postcard 4C - Germany - Bad Homburg v.d. Hohe
Bad Homburg v.d. Hohe is famous for its spa and casino as well as luxurious residential housing for the rich who commutes to nearby to Frankfurt am Main. Thanks to YL for sending from there.





Postcard 4D
Bad Homburg is the top right corner of this multi-view. I visited Bad Homburg and sent this postcard to myself.





Postcard 5 - France - Vichy
Vichy - Opera house. Postmarked in Allier on June 23, 2010. Thanks to Jean-Pierre of France.