France - Funerary and memorial sites of the First World War (West Front)

"The serial property contains a significant collection of funerary and memorial sites resulting from the First World War, a major break in the history of humanity. They were formed during or after the tragedy of 1914-1918, on the area of ​​the western front that stretched from the North Sea to the Franco-Swiss border. The selection consists of 105 elements (80 for France and 25 for Belgium) strictly selected from a set of several thousand cemeteries, necropolises and memorials on the western front. These elements are representative of the great diversity of nations and peoples who have been involved in this global conflict, of a magnitude never before reached. They compose a memorial landscape representative of the geographical extent of the front as a whole (more than 700 km), the great moments of its history and its evolution during the war.

Source: UNESCO World Heritage List


Le Linge Cimetiere du Wettstein is one of the serial cemetries in France. Thanks to Marie who visited this location and mailed from France.

Portugal - Historical Lisbon, Global City

"Lisbon has witnessed the meeting and exchange of cultures that took place in the city throughout the centuries, from the diverse peoples who settled there since the 7th century B.C. and left their cultural mark, to the globalisation generated by the Portuguese discoveries, when the city became a precursor to the maritime exploration of the 15th and 16th centuries, transforming it into the largest port in the European Atlantic and inspiring the construction of new cities all across the world. As a consequence of the extensive dialogue of civilisations that Lisbon established with Europe, Africa, America, and the East, which is reflected in the historic city centre, Lisbon stands out due to several features such as the exquisite manner in which it blends the diverse urban layouts and noteworthy buildings that are its hallmark, a testimony to the Roman, Islamic, and European cultures that shaped it; the unique way in which it has been adapted to a rugged terrain, which extends all the way to the riverfront; the setting for comings and goings during the days of the discoveries; and a mixture of monuments, squares, and port heritage, which are the traces of a former intense maritime and commercial activity. Set between hills punctuated by belvederes with idyllic scenery, the Enlightenment-era urban layout is a standout feature, designed according to the unique Pombalino plan following the devastating 1755 earthquake that destroyed the city centre. As a palimpsest, the city bears the traces of the successive transformations that have adapted it to new dynamics, from the silting of the river to reconstructions following the devastating earthquakes it endured, promoting the reintegration of past values, thus allowing it to create a narrative of its history. This multi-faceted city was the stage for multiple cultural expressions, which have been retained and reinterpreted, conferring it with a unique quality, preserving its cultural identity, and reinforcing its inhabitants' roots. Azulejo (tiles), artistic cobbled streets, and fado (traditional Portuguese music), recently added to the List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, are the ultimate exponents of these cultural expressions. The property includes the following areas of the city: The area surrounded by the Cerca Fernandina defensive wall, which is home to the city's oldest defensive structures, as well as the oldest settlements in Lisbon: Castelo, Sé, Alfama, Baixa, Chiado, and Pena, structures and neighbourhoods (bairros) that exhibit influences from an array of civilisations from the Roman, Islamic, Medieval, and Enlightenment periods. Also included are the adjacent medieval areas of Mouraria, São Vicente, and Santa Clara. The old Jesuit Colleges of Santo Antão-o-Velho and Santo Antão-o-Novo, both 16th-century constructions of significant cultural value, not only as architectural heritage but also as sites of innovative scientific teaching that contributed hugely to the field of navigation. 

The Renaissance-era Bairro Alto neighbourhood, constructed following the population boom fuelled by the Portuguese discoveries, extends to the riverfront via the Bica neighbourhood, with its exceptional topography resulting from an earthquake that was embraced by the urban fabric. Also included is the 16th-century Mocambo neighbourhood in Madragoa, by the western approach to the city, which at that time was a suburb, inhabited by fishermen and the African population. Noviciado da Cotovia, a Jesuit college established in the 17th century as a seat of scientific learning, the attached botanical garden, which is home to a vast array of plant species, including ancient and tropical species, and the neighbouring Príncipe Real Square, where the Society of Jesus began constructing a college, destroyed by the earthquake. And the riverfront, between Cais do Sodré and Santa Apolónia, an area of embankments since the Manuelino period. Of the viewpoints, which are privileged spots affording panoramic views over the characteristic features of the urban landscape and river, those of most significant value are included: Santa Catarina, São Pedro de Alcântara, Castelo de São Jorge, Graça, Campo de Santa Clara, Portas do Sol, and Santa Luzia."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List


Bairro Alto - Elevador da Bica, Lisboa, Portugal. Thanks to Isidoro of Portugal.

Morocco - Oasis of Figuig

"Figuig is an oasis located in the southeastern tip of Morocco about 400 km south of the Mediterranean and 7 km from the Algerian town of Beni Ounif. It is surrounded on all three sides by Algeria; but the border between the two countries is now closed, which has resulted in the isolation and isolation of the city, which has experienced an intense migratory movement, which can be explained by the abrupt reduction of its economic resources. This, in part, caused a significant deterioration of its heritage, hence the urgency of its ranking.

Over the years, the oasis society of Figuig has developed a specific earthen architecture that materializes the structures of its organization and the social, cultural and cultural practices that constitute an immaterial heritage of great importance. Thus, Figuig is an oasis that has preserved from its history exceptional remains that today represent material wealth material; architectural and archaeological important: great walls, ramparts, watchtowers, mosques, mausoleums, irrigation channels ... not to mention the rock engravings mentioned above. But this heritage is also agro-environmental, evidenced by the water sources, which are at the origin of the establishment of the ksour, the gardens associated with the palm grove and its irrigation system."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List


Moroccan man with baby camel at Figuig Oasis, near Algeria border. Thanks to Ferro of Belgium who visited Morocco.

Austria - Großglockner High Alpine Road / Großglockner Hochalpenstraße

"The Großglockner High Alpine Road is a mountain pass road and, together with the Schloss Schönbrunn, one of the most important touristic landmarks in Austria. The impressive setting of this alpine scenic route combines the art of mountain road construction with a singular nature and landscape experience, running through the heart of the Hohe Tauern National Park, protected since 1992, one of the largest nature reserves in Central Europe. Completed in 1935 the alpine road made accessible Austria's highest mountain, the Grossglockner (3,798 m) and the longest glacier of the Eastern Alps, the Pasterze. With an altitude of 2,504 meters at the Hochtor Pass, it is the highest surfaced mountain road in Austria. Totalling 48 kilometres, the road has a continuous width of 7.5 meters, 36 hairpin curves and two side roads to spectacular vantage points.

Planned from 1924 onwards and built between 1930 and 1935, the road was the prototype of scenic routes in Europe. Planned and implemented as a toll road in a pristine alpine setting with the objective of offering a spectacular experience for the visitor, the road continues to retain its original function as a self-sustaining tourist attraction: 800,000 to 1,000,000 tourists from all over the world visit the Großglockner High Alpine Road each year. Tourists experience the Hohe Tauern landscape, the Kaiser Franz Josefs Höhe, the view of the glacier at an altitude of 2,369 meters above sea level, and the 360° panoramic view of the Edelweißspitze. Since its opening 80 years ago, the High Alpine road has been consistently among the top ten of most visited attractions in Austria."


Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List


Großglockner is Austria highest mountain.Thanks to Christina of Austria.

France - Nîmes, Antiquity to the present

Nîmes, an ancient city and Roman colony founded by Augustus, has preserved an exceptional set of monuments and structures from the Roman era: the amphitheater, the temple called Maison Carrée, the sanctuary of the fountain, the enclosure, offered by Auguste himself, with his doors and the Magne Tower. It also preserves the castellum aquae, the culmination of the Nîmes aqueduct, of which the Pont du Gard (inscribed on the World Heritage List) is the most famous vestige. Nîmes is however more than a testimony on the Roman civilization of the 1st century AD. Its ancient monuments and structures had a great influence on the organization of urban space and the architecture of the city, from the Middle Ages, but especially in the Enlightenment, in the 18th and then in the 19th century. Architectures inspired by the ancient art or its decoration (12th century cathedral, mansions of the 16th and 17th centuries, public buildings of the 19th century), structuring of the urban space around the monuments (creation of the Garden of the Fountain and the Cours Neuf, clearing arenas, streets and squares around the Maison Carrée), the city has an exceptional character by the constant reformulation of its own modernity according to its ancient past. Even today urbanism and contemporary architecture interact with this fascinating heritage of the Roman world.

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List


La Maison Carree de Nimes. Thanks to Marie of France for mailing and Thibault of Switzerland for arranging this send.


India - The Victorian & Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai

"At the heart of the historic centre of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), lies the Fort Heritage Precinct. This marks the footprint of the 19th century fortified city of Bombay and though the fort walls were mostly torn down in the 1860s under the Governorship of Sir Bartle Frere, the name persists in public memory and is a protected heritage precinct under the Heritage Regulations for Greater Bombay 1995. West of the fort walls, the expanse of land that was once called the Esplanade, is today the historic cricketing ground of Oval Maidan. This vast open space lies at the heart of the proposed Property. To the East of the Oval lies the historic Fort area with its monumental 19th century Victorian Neo Gothic public buildings and to its West, stand the 20th century Art Deco buildings of Backbay Reclamation and Marine Drive. Together, these two architectural ensembles constitute the most remarkable collection of Victorian and Art Deco buildings, the largest such conglomeration of these two genres of architecture in the world."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Postcard 1
Rajabai Clock Tower and Maidan Oval of Mumbai. Thanks to Nagi of India.





Postcard 2
A different view of Maidan and Rajabai Clock Tower, Mumbai. Thanks to Prateek of India.


China - Scenic and historic area of Sacred Mountains and Lakes (Burang, Tibet)

"Located in Burang County, Ngari Prefecture of Tibet Autonomous Region, at an elevation of over 4,500 m, Scenic and historic area of Sacred Mountains and Lakes is adjacent to Zanda County, Gar County and Gya'gya County, bordering on India and Nepal. ‘Two peaks perching to the north and south, two lakes reflecting with each other in the east and west’ describes the basic natural landscape features of the property, comprising a fairly compact geomorphology unit of ‘two mountains with two lakes in between’, also resulting in unique landscape composed of glaciers, lakes, wetlands and grasslands in this region. ‘Two mountains’ means the Sacred Mountain of Gang Rinpoche (6,638m) and the Goddess Peak of Naimona'nyi (7,694m), and ‘two lakes’ refers to the Holy Lake of Manasarovar and the Ghost Lake of Lhanag-tso. Unique natural environment has bred particular and rich religions and cultures, which is of world-class Outstanding Universal Value." 

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List


Postcard 1
Mt. Gang Rinpoche from the postcard booklet Tibet Posture that I bought in China.





Postcard 2
Lake Mapham Yutso is another name of Holy Lake of Manasarovar, Tibet.

China - Tulin-Guge Scenic and Historic Interest Areas

"From natural perspective, in the nominated property there is a specific geomorphology type named “forest soil”, which presents outstanding universal value aesthetically and geologically. The lacustrine sedimentary around Zhada Basin and Sutlej River Basin of the nominated property belongs to the forest soil type but exhibits distinctive features, making a “Guge type”. The “Guge type”, composed of semi-consolidated lacustrine fluvial clay, sand and gravel, taking “pagoda forest” as the basic structural unit, was formed under dry climate, dominated by construction joints, affected by river erosion, rain shower eclipse and freezing weathering. The forest soil around Zhada County is tall and straight, composed of varied types, which shows distinctive aesthetical characteristics against the specific extreme natural environment of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The nominated property shows different hues, bedding structures and physical composition, among which there are a large quantity of fossils, presenting direct or indirect proofs of ancient environmental evolution of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau." 

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Postcard 1
3 postcards from the postcard booklet "Tibet Posture" that I bought in China. The ruins of Guge Kingdom, Ngari, Tibet, China.






Postcard 2
The Earth Forest of Zada, Ngari, Tibet





Postcard 3
The site of ancient Zada fortress in Ngari, Tibet

Turkey - The Theatre and Aqueducts of the Ancient City of Aspendos

"The Aspendos theatre is the best-preserved monument of its type from the Ancient World in Turkey, and one of the most intact in the world. The theatre of Aspendos is one of the rare examples of a Roman theatre, constructed as a whole with the combination of a multi-storied and richly decorated stage building and a semi circular shaped cavea. The level of preservation was mostly due to the Seljuk restoration of the 13th century, during the time of Sultan Alaeddin Keykubat. The restoration and reuse of the building as a palace have left important but subtle traces including geometric designs and blue-coloured tiles. Therefore the theatre not only gives the spectator endless inspiration to delve into the history, but also presents an opportunity to read the multi-layered architectural interventions in a critical manner; thus the monument invites the contemporary visitor or expert to become actively engaged in picturing the theatre‟s use and critically questioning it based on the existing evidence. The aqueducts, on the other hand, have come even more to the attention of scholars because of their unique hydraulic siphons and very well preserved original conditions. They are important structures for the history of technology since they still survive in such a condition that raises and answers many questions regarding their construction and use. The level of preservation gives the spectator a sense of the monument's "eternal" nature when viewed from the high and rather isolated point on the northern side of the flat-topped acropolis."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Nice multi-view of Roman ruins of Aspendos, Antalya, Turkey. Thanks to Naomi of Netherlands.


China - Imperial Kiln Sites of Jingdezhen

"The major component of Imperial Kiln Sites of Jingdezhen is the Imperial Kiln Site, which fired, produced and served porcelains for the imperial family during Ming and Qing dynasties. It includes porcelain-firing workshops and kilns ruins as well as those abundant porcelain pieces of Ming and Qing dynasties deposited underground. There also exist several civil kiln sites which reflect the system of “moulding by imperial kiln and firing by civil kiln” as well as other important kiln relics showing the imperial kilns' technical origin. Imperial Kiln Sites of Jingdezhen also include sites of porcelain-making raw materials mining and processing, trade associations guild halls, water transportation docks and other cultural relics, which are related to the production and transportation of porcelains."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List


Jingdezhen Blue and White Phoenix Head Pot with Flat Sides, AD 1276-1368. Collection at Capital Museum, Beijing, China. This is a postcard from the Capital Museum collection postcard set that I bought during my visit to this amazing museum.

China - The Four Sacred Mountains as an Extension of Mt. Taishan

"Application of "Four Sacred Mountains as an Extension of Mt. Taishan" is an extension application of Cultural and Natural World Heritages of Mt. Taishan. "The Five Sacred Mountains of China" is a cultural integration with long history. Mt. Taishan of "The Five Sacred Mountains of China" has already been listed on the World Heritages in 1987. And the four nominated sites for application include: 

Southern Mt. Hengshan (Hunan Province), 

Western Mt. Huashan (Shaanxi Province), 

Central Mt. Songshan (Henan Province) 

Northern Mt. Hengshan (Shanxi Province). 

The core scenic area of the four nominated sites is 54769 ha, and total buffering area is 44658 ha.

"The Five Sacred Mountains" has been worship for over three thousand years from Neolithic Age due to its unique geographical locations and majesty of relative altitude over a kilometre. In 219 BC, Qin Shihuang (First Emperor of Qin Dynasty) held a ceremony of offering sacrifices on the top Mt. Taishan when special national sacrifice codes and systems originated, which was followed by later emperors to show their imperial power's validity and authority. Offering sacrifices to Five Sacred Mountains was held to make the emperors'' achievements informed to all the people and Five Sacred Mountains were regarded as boundaries of their reign. Therefore, as an integration which cannot be divided, Five Sacred Mountains symbolizes the unification and territory in the era of Chinese agricultural civilization."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List


Postcard 1 - Northern Hengshan
Mid-air temple of Nothern Hengshan, Shanxi, China. It is a postcard from the postcard set of Scenery of Shanxi that I bought in China.





Postcard 2 - Western Huashan
Hua Shan at 2154.9m is one of China top 5 mountains. Thanks to Liu Xu of China.








Postcard 3 - Central Songshan
View of Songyue Pagoda, a sixth century Buddhism temple, of Mount Song, Henan. Thanks to Christie of China.


China - Fanjingshan

"Fanjingshan is a mid-subtropical dome-like subalpine mountain, located in the center of Eurasia subtropical zone, with the width of 28.74 km from east to west and length of 36.74 km from south to north. The main peak, Fenghuangshan, owns an altitude of 2,570.50 m, and the buffer zone comprises low hills. The whole regional climate is moist while the mountain climate shows obvious difference, which makes it`s possesses unique natural geographic conditions compared with other subtropical mountains. Fanjingshan is the typical representative of mountain ecosystems in mid-subtropical humid zone. It shows the significant ecological process since Holocene and Quaternary ice age, with high vegetation coverage rate and primary features, obvious vegetation vertical spectrum and complete ecosystem structures and functions. The biodiversity in Fanjingshan is rich and unique, and the abundant Fagaceae plant communities have representative control on ecosystem structure and function. Hundreds of rare, endangered and endemic plants such as Rhinopithecus brelichi and Abies fanjingshanensis indicate that Fanjingshan is the foremost habitat for the subtropical biodiversity, with significant scientific research and conservation value."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List
Bizarre rocks on Fanjing Hill, Guizou. A postcard from the postcard set of "A Scene of Guizhou" that I bought in China.

Thailand - Kaeng Krachan Forest Complex (KKFC)

"The KKFC lies in the Tenasserim Range on the boundary between Thailand and Myanmar and covers a vast forest area of 3 western Thailand provinces: Ratchaburi, Phetchaburi, and Prachuab Kirikhan. The complex protects the headwaters of many important rivers such as Phetchaburi, Kui Buri, Pranburi, and Phachi Rivers. There are 3 legally gazetted protected areas in the complex, one wildlife sanctuary (Mae Nam Phachi protected under the Wildlife Protection and Preservation Act, 1992) and two national parks (Kaeng Krachan and Kui Buri protected under the National Park Act, 1961). In addition, Chaloem Phrakiat Thai Prachan National Park is in the process of being designated..." Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Wild dog and tapir found in Kaeng Krachan National Park in Phetchaburi and Prachuap Khiri Khan provinces, Thailand. I bought these postcards in Thailand in March 2011.

Postcard 1
Asian wild dog. I cancelled this postcard with Thailand 2006 and 2018 Year of Dog stamps.






Postcard 2
Tapir found in this Thailand rainforest.

India - Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam

"Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, also known as Thiruvaranga Tirupati, is one of the most illustrious Vaishnav[1] temples in the country, dedicated to Ranganatha, a reclining form of Hindu deity, Bhagwan (God or Lord) Vishnu. Situated in an ethereal setting on the island of Srirangam that is bounded by the two rivers of Cauvery and Kollidam (a tributary of Cauvery), this living temple and sacred centre of pilgrimage is counted as the first and foremost among the 108 Divya Desams dedicated to Bhagwan Vishnu.

More importantly, it is not just a temple but a temple-town, unique in its Sapta-Prakaram[2] formation, a temple centred settlement pattern that comprises of Sapta (seven)[3] concentric rectangular enclosures or prakarams[4] formed by thick and huge rampart walls that run round the sanctum sanctorum in which the deity presides. While the inner five enclosures of the complex constitute the temple, the outer two enclosures function as the settlement. Thus, the distinction between the temple and the settlement gets blurred and the temple is also referred to as Srirangam many a times. This Temple-Town typology is unique to this part of the world and Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple is an exceptional example of the same."

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

Ranganathswamy Temple in Srirangam, Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu, India. Thanks to Sidarth of Mangalore, India.

Italy - Padova Urbs Picta. Giotto, the Scrovegni Chapel and the 14th century painting cycles

"The great development of Padova painting in the 14th century began with the arrival of Giotto, called around 1302, most probably by the Friars Minor Conventual of the Basilica of St. Anthony. Taking advantage of his presence in town, Enrico Scrovegni commissioned him the work that soon became worldwide known as his masterpiece: the Scrovegni Chapel. During the entire 14th century the artists who operated in Padova (Pietro e Giuliano da Rimini; Guariento; Giusto de’ Menabuoi; Jacopo Avanzi; Altichiero; Jacopo da Verona) reinterpreted in an original and autonomous way the style of the Maestro, creating a complete stylistic renovation which soon acquired a national and international range. The Scrovegni Chapel represents the starting point of this phenomenon: additionally, there are at least other eight sites in Padova (mapped in the picture enclosed below) which preserve important painting testimonials of similar artistic and cultural value. The cycles have been exemplarily restored and are all open to the public. It was an extraordinary cultural phase of Padova, promoted by the Signoria and by the most famous family in town, the ‘da Carrara’. In this context, there was also a female commissioner, Fina Buzzaccarini (Lord Francesco da Carrara’s wife), a significant and rare example at that time.

1. Cappella degli Scrovegni (Comune di Padova) It represents the most significant monument in the proposed series and the best-preserved fresco painting by Giotto. In the chapel are present also other works by the Maestro del Coro Scrovegni and by Giusto de’ Menabuoi.

2. Basilica del Santo (Veneranda Arca del Santo, Delegazione Pontificia, Basilica e Convento di Sant’Antonio) It is a worldwide famous place of worship, which hosts important frescoes by Giotto (Cappella delle Benedizioni; Sala del Capitolo), Giusto de’ Menabuoi (Cappella del Beato Luca Belludi), Altichiero e Jacopo Avanzi (Cappella di San Giacomo).

3. Palazzo della Ragione (Comune di Padova) It is the largest pensile salon in Europe, famous for its roofing, shaped as a reversed ship hull. Notwithstanding the original paintings by Giotto were destroyed during a severe fire, it keeps significant proofs of the fourteenth-century art.

4. Musei Civici agli Eremitani (Comune di Padova) It houses important examples of the 14th century Padova painting. In chronological order, the Croce by Giotto (originally painted for the Scrovegni Chapel), the detached frescoes by Pietro da Rimini, the painted panels by Guariento (originally located in the Cappella della Reggia Carrarese), and the detached fresco of Madonna dell’umiltà by Cennino Cennini.

5. Cappella della Reggia Carrarese (Accademia Galileiana SS. LL. AA.) It is located within the building that constitutes the ancient Reggia Carrarese and its frescoes are to be considered the best example of the Padova figurative culture of the mid 14th century, painted by Guariento di Arpo.

6.Oratorio di San Giorgio (Veneranda Arca del Santo, Delegazione Pontificia, Basilica e Convento di Sant’Antonio) Commissioned by the Marquis Raimondino Lupi di Soragna as family mausoleum, it was entirely decorated with frescoes by Altichiero da Zevio, with sacred episodes which become an occasion to enhance the noble origins of the family.

7. Chiesa dei SS. Filippo e Giacomo agli Eremitani (Parrocchia dei SS. Filippo e Giacomo agli Eremitani - Diocesi di Padova) Severely damaged during the Second World War, it contains the frescoes commissioned, most likely by the Curtarolo family, to Guariento di Arpo and by Tebaldo Cortellieri’s mother to Giusto de’ Menabuoi.

8. Battistero della Cattedrale (Parrocchia di Santa Maria Assunta nella Cattedrale - Diocesi di Padova) It is an important example of female commission (by Fina Buzzaccarini, wife of Francesco da Carrara, Lord of Padova) and it represents the masterpiece of Giusto de’ Menabuoi.

9. Oratorio di San Michele (Comune di Padova)"

Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List

The Scrovegni Chapel in Padova, Italy. Thanks to Marina of Italy.






Postcard 2
Giotto painting of Presentation of Jesus in Temple in Scrovegni Chapel. Thanks to Cristina of Italy.