Nîmes, an ancient city and Roman colony founded by Augustus, has preserved an exceptional set of monuments and structures from the Roman era: the amphitheater, the temple called Maison Carrée, the sanctuary of the fountain, the enclosure, offered by Auguste himself, with his doors and the Magne Tower. It also preserves the castellum aquae, the culmination of the Nîmes aqueduct, of which the Pont du Gard (inscribed on the World Heritage List) is the most famous vestige. Nîmes is however more than a testimony on the Roman civilization of the 1st century AD. Its ancient monuments and structures had a great influence on the organization of urban space and the architecture of the city, from the Middle Ages, but especially in the Enlightenment, in the 18th and then in the 19th century. Architectures inspired by the ancient art or its decoration (12th century cathedral, mansions of the 16th and 17th centuries, public buildings of the 19th century), structuring of the urban space around the monuments (creation of the Garden of the Fountain and the Cours Neuf, clearing arenas, streets and squares around the Maison Carrée), the city has an exceptional character by the constant reformulation of its own modernity according to its ancient past. Even today urbanism and contemporary architecture interact with this fascinating heritage of the Roman world.
Source: UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List
La Maison Carree de Nimes. Thanks to Marie of France for mailing and Thibault of Switzerland for arranging this send.